The BBC news site yesterday published an article titled Rescusci Anne and l'Inconnue: the Mona Lisa of the Seine.
It was very interesting, and I can add that the invention of the resuscitation mannequin was patented by the same Norwegian toymaker named in the story. In 1961 Asmund Laerdal filed for a British patent with a lengthy title beginning Improvements in training dolls (phantoms). Below is a drawing from it showing the mouth area, which incorporates a valve so that air from previous users is not taken in by a fresh user.
Laerdal took out a further 8 British patents on the subject and 9 American patents in the health area. These lists do overlap.